Macular Degeneration

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Macular DegenerationAge-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that targets individuals age 60+ and progressively destroys the macula, the central portion of the retina, ultimately impairing central vision.

There are two types of AMD -- wet and dry -- neither of which causes pain.

In wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels behind the retina start to grow under the macula and leak blood and fluid causing loss of central vision which may occur quickly within months or even weeks. Treatment includes laser surgery, photodynamic therapy, and injections into the eye. None of these will cure the disease or restore vision, however, they may slow down vision loss. Wet AMD accounts for 1 out of 10 cases of macular degeneration.

In dry AMD, which is the most common type, the light-sensitive cells in the macula slowly break down causing central vision to diminish over time. It usually does not cause severe vision loss unless it turns into the wet form. Early stages of dry AMD can be treated with high-dose formulations of antioxidants and zinc which may delay and possibly prevent AMD from progressing to a more advanced stage. Once in the advanced stage, no form of treatment can restore vision loss. Dry AMD accounts for 9 out of 10 cases of macular degeneration.

Our provider will direct you in the appropriate course of treatment for your specific needs.

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